Symptoms of Gum Disease
Most everyone has heard the term gum disease (also known as periodontal disease) but fail to realize the severity of the condition. While it does indeed strike the oral cavity, causing tooth decay and even tooth loss, it can also lead to potentially deadly complications within other areas of the body. It has been known for decades that a patient’s overall medical health can be greatly affected by their oral health. It is important to realize the necessity of proper oral hygiene in order to not only maintain a clean and healthy oral cavity but to also preserve the overall health of the patient.
Periodontal disease is an aggressive disease with three distinct stages. The only stage in which this disease can be cured is the earliest one known as gingivitis. If it progresses beyond the initial stage it is incurable. Patients will be saddled with having to go to periodontal maintenance which are intense cleanings, several times a year. These will only address the symptoms and not the disease as it is not curable.
Any patient who has recognized the early signs of the disease which can include bleeding along the gumline or odd discharge where the gums meet the teeth should contact us at Implant and Periodontal Wellness Center of Arizona.
Complications of Gum Disease
The root cause of gum disease is the buildup of naturally occurring bacteria found in the mouth. They can grow to quite dangerous levels, destroying tooth enamel and soft gum tissue. The easiest way to combat these bacteria is through regular oral hygiene practices including proper brushing and flossing techniques and the use of mouthwash. When patients fail to do this, the bacteria can turn into plaque and then tartar.
Patients should visually inspect their oral cavity while brushing and flossing making note of any changes in their oral pathology. If they notice sores or ulcers along their gums or their gums bleed easily when flossing or brushing these may be early indicators of gum disease.
Gum Disease Progression
As with any disease in the human body, early detection is key in the proper treatment and eradication of the disease. The disease has distinct stages which include gingivitis, moderate gum disease, and advanced gum disease. As mentioned above, the only point in which the disease can be reversed and ultimately cured is during the gingivitis stage. That is why it is imperative to evaluate and diagnose the patient for periodontal disease.
Once it has progressed to either moderate or advanced stages, periodontal disease can no longer be cured; it can only be managed through periodontal maintenance. This is something the patient will need to do for the rest of their lives and includes a much more thorough cleaning than the traditional cleanings patients receive during their twice-yearly appointments. It can include root scaling and root planing along with potential invasive surgical procedures such as perioscopy, crown lengthening, soft tissue laser treatment, periodontal plastic and reconstructive surgery, gingivectomy, and surgically facilitated orthodontic therapy (SFOT). We can also get your gums healthy and ready if you are having dental implant surgery.
With the potential for damage to both the circulatory and respiratory systems, periodontal disease is a serious condition which needs to be addressed as early as possible. If you feel you may have gum disease, please contact us today at Implant and Periodontal Wellness Center of Arizona for a professional assessment. We can offer the best treatment protocols with our professional staff. Call us today at (480) 504-0506.